What are the symptoms?
Often the patient stays without symptoms in early stages, however later presentation depends mainly on the location of the tumour. In the abdomen, a tumour mass may cause a swollen belly or constipation or even chronic diarrhoea. In the chest a tumour may cause breathing problems. By pressing on the spinal cord a tumour may cause weakness and thus an inability to stand, crawl, or walk, or voiding problems
How to find tumours?
The tumours produce substances that can be found in the blood (like neurone specific enolase) or in the urine (catecholamine). Different imaging methods can also be very helpful.
Can these tumours be treated?
Yes, however the therapy of neural crest derived tumours varies acording to their type, grade and location.
Surgery often is a choice and / or chemotherapy may be helpful. The therapy usually will be specific for the patient.